Biological Solutions To Agricultural Aquaculture and Industrial
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disinfectants fungicides, organic safe non toxic insecticides, sanitizers,
sporicide, sterilizers nematocides virucides, soil sterilization seed
disinfection nematode control, for cereals fruits and vegetables, food
preservatives for longer shelf life, soil and seed sterilizers. For use in
agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and greenhouse and other farm
applications. Safe natural environmentally friendly alternatives using a
Disinfectant Fungicide Tests
Disinfectant Fungicide Registered In Mexico For Disinfecting Potable
Drinking Water For Human, Poultry And Livestock Use, As Well As A Final
Rinse For The Preservation And Protection Of Fruits And Vegetables Prior
To Consumption, Storage And/Or Transportation. ( DOT CLASS: NON HAZARDOUS
) This study was made possible thanks to the assistance of the Government
of Canada through The Canadian International Development Agency (C.I.D.A.)
for Laboratoires Ultrateck Laboratories Inc. Division. UltraDyne series of
products are based on natural food grade nutritional organic source
ingredients. (patent pending)
Food Preservation Experiments
In order to
reduce the serious losses which
constantly occur during the storage and transport of fruits and
vegetables, due to the growth of mould and fungi, Ultrateck SA de CV from
our Mexican Division developed methods of applying UltraDyne to
fruits and vegetables to study its effects.
The ingredients in both of our new UltraDyne A and C are
classed as food and feed grade, complexed with organic plant extracts of
natural origin combined with citric acid to provide a high level of free
soluble active iodine, that is safe and effective, virtually non staining,
based on a patent pending process.
A final rinse
water solution was prepared using UltraDyne-C
rates ranging from 1/2 to 1 part UltraDyne to 1000 parts water. These
solutions were applied in the final rinse water prior to packaging to
various fruits and vegetables as a disinfectant to prevent spoilage and
tests showed that the treated
fruits and vegetables greatly retarded the growth of mould and fungi
responsible for fruit and vegetable spoilage. There was no damage or
impairing in the appearance or flavor of the treated foods, even when high
doses of up to 6 parts UltraDyne-C with 1000 parts water were used.
for possible residues clearly
showed no toxic residues related to UltraDyne's ingredients, on /
or in the fruits and vegetables tested.
It should be noted
that chlorine products have shown to be non effective in these
applications due to their inability to function in high organic soil
loads, not to mention their suspected toxicity and environmental effects.
Food Preservation Experiments
And Vegetable Rinsing Prior To Packaging
striking results were seen in
the control of mould growth on grapes. It was analyzed that the spoilage
of the grapes was caused by Botrytis infection. Bunches of grapes
were treated with UltraDyne-C using a solution containing 3/4 part
UltraDyne with 1,000 parts water at pH 6.0. The so treated grapes remained
free from mould and spoilage for three (3) to four (4) times longer than
those rinsed with water.
The same effect
was observed with tomatoes, oranges and lemons that were treated in the
same manner. The rotting of
plums and peaches was substantially reduced on treated samples even when
the rinse solution was reduced to less than 1/2 part UltraDyne-C with
1,000 parts water solution.
Passion Fruit: When treated with
a final rinse solution containing 3/4 parts UltraDyne to 1,000 parts water
at pH 6.0, suffered no damage during storage, while the same varieties
treated with water and/or chlorine solutions became very visibly mouldy
and unappealing during the same period.
Potatoes: It was very clear and
evident from the visible effect and in the case of the treated potatoes -
odors were virtually eliminated and rotting was prevented by more than
three (3) times that of the untreated samples.
UltraDyne-C Soil Disinfection Experiments
definitely fungicidal in its
organic complexed form. For example UltraDyne-C when applied at a rate
equal to 10 to 15 liters per/ha with 200 liters of water, at a ph of 5.5
was found to be a very effective soil disinfectant.
When the above
solution and solutions of up to 20 liters per/ha were applied five to ten
days prior to seeding, the
effects are very visible. There is far more emergence of seedlings in the
treated soil. The growth is was much more vigorous than either the
formaldehyde or autoclaved controls.
nematodes were virtually
completely eradicated from the UltraDyne-C treated plots.
Crop Application Experiments
A) Banana Trees:
It was observed that when banana trees and the surrounding soil area was
treated with a solution of UltraDyne-C containing 3/4 parts
UltraDyne-C to 1,000 parts water solution at ph 5.5, that it inhibited the
growth of Fusarium oxysporum cubense and prevented its devastating
effects. The above solution has also shown the ability to inactivate
tobacco mosaic virus.
UltraDyne-C has shown very
positive effects against the fungus Oidium,commonly associated with
grape vines, and also improves the yield and quality of the wine so
treated when effected by this fungus.
UltraDyne-C in dilute solutions
of 3 to 9 parts UltraDyne-C with 1,000 parts water is effective against
nematode infestations of tubers and bulbs. It will kill eelworms in bulbs
and fusarium bulb rot without harm to the subsequent growth of the bulb.
The above observation was conducted on the cultivation of daffodils, and
these effects have been reported on numerous others.
application to potato tuber seeds of Ultradyne Seed Seal (A special
powdered organic iodine complex, combined with natural clays) has been
observed to be most effective in the control of blight. It appears to
have a systemic effect which protects the plant throughout the growing
cycle from blight and other disease. UltraDyne-C (Liquid) is also of
considerable value when used as a soil disinfectant for the control of
nematodes at 12 to 20 liters per/ha.. Ultradyne-C has clearly demonstrated
to be one the most effective tool and cutting knife disinfectants for the
control of fungi and bacteria.
E) In Tomatoes:
the fungus Colletotrichum Tobificum,
which causes a root disease can be killed by spray or immersion in a
solution of 6 parts UltraDyne-C with 1,000 parts water. It has also been
observed to reduce white mite populations in greenhouses, by a non killing
mechanism which has not been evaluated.
has been reported to be effective against Crown gall on Almond
trees by spraying the gall with a solution of UltraDyne-C at a rate of 9
parts with 1,000 parts water.
g) Orange and
Citrus: are subjected to attack
by a fungus known as diplodia natalensis responsible for wastage.
It can be controlled with solutions of UltraDyne 6 to 9 parts with 1,000
parts water rates.
It has been observed to be effective against pythium and other fungi
when sprayed at use rates 6 parts with 1,000 parts water. There are also
marked increases in quality and yield, which appears to be related to the
reductions in stresses caused by fungal attack.
Sanitizing Irrigation Water
With the ever
increasing pathogenic bacterial
contamination (Disease causing organisms) of agricultural irrigation water
sources, safe, economical and effective disinfectants and sanitizers must
It has been
estimated that in many parts of
the Latin America's as much as twenty (20%) of the potential export
markets for fruits and vegetables, are lost due to bacterial and fungi
contamination. The main concern of potential importing countries and their
respective health authorities, is the high and unacceptable amounts of
bacteria, fungi, pesticide and chemical residuals on produce, which can
lead to the transmission of disease and numerous other health hazards.
From the field
studies that were conducted, it
was found that the bacterial and fungal contamination was caused in part
by the irrigation water being used to water these crops. From the tests
taken on the various local sources, it was found that in 17 of twenty (20
) samples the water was reported to be unfit for animal or human
It should also
be noted that four (6) of the
water samples taken, were treated with elaborate chlorination systems and
yet the test results were still classed as unfit for animal or human
consumption and this same water was being applied to the various crops, as
there was no alternative source.
It was decided
to conduct a test on one site,
using a separate water line, with Ultradyne-C at a rate of 1 part
UltraDyne-C with 10,000 parts water injected with a chematic precision
pump, which treated an area of slightly less than 12 ha with a cabbage
was done at the pump house and
the line was first disinfected using the above solution, prior to
commencing treatment at normal use rates. The natural ph of the water was
analyzed to be 6.1.
entire growing season it was
observed and clearly visible that the treated site was much greener and
fuller in the seeded space lines. The analysis conducted during and at
harvest clearly demonstrated the effect, as the tests reported significant
reductions in fungi and bacteria counts compared to the untreated checks.
The treated plot
meet and surpassed all standards
and limits on bacteria and fungal residues and even surpassed the most
critical European standards.
One of the most
interesting observations was the
unexpected and significant yield increase of over 20% at harvest. It must
also be noted that the visible quality of the produce was much improved
when compared to the untreated checks. The yield increase was not totally
unexpected as it appears to be due to the reduction in the stress caused
by bacterial and fungal attack which was significantly reduced.
numerous other experiments conducted with apples, cabbage, carrots,
cucumbers and citric fruits. In
all cases the results were very positive. From these observations we may
note that the treatment with Ultradyne-C provides an economical method of
safe food production with potential new export markets. Furthermore with
the increased yields that this method should provide for reasons already
mentioned, it could result in higher profits for producers.
observations of the effects of
these treatments, it would indicate an effective and economical method of
treating infected irrigation water. This method could provide safer
produce and would reduce the possibility of the associated health hazards,
in the transmission of disease to consumers.
UltraDyne A and C
A and C Ref: Bactericidal Efficiency
antibacterial activity of UltraDyne
on the two test organisms Escherichia coli and Micrococcus pyogenes, var
aureus, was determined by the use of the Chambers modification of the
Weber-Black test. 24,25.
Dilutions of UltraDyne
containing 1.0, 5.0 and 10.0 ppm available iodine, respectively, were
added to cultures of the two test organisms, respectively. An acid pH was
maintained with phosphoric acid. After 15, 30, and 60 seconds ,
respectively, the available iodine was neutralized with sodium
thiosulphate. The organisms were then plated and incubated at 35 C for 48
hours. The precautions and controls described in the above-mentioned
methods were followed.
results obtained are shown below. At a concentration of 1 ml to 30,000 ml
of water. UltraDyne produced a 99.999% kill of the test organisms,
E. coli and M pyogenes, var aureus, in 60 and 30 seconds, respectively.
Plate Count of Surviving Organisms per milliliter
UltraDyne Test Solution
Escherichia Coli (E.coli) (ATCC-11229)
Initial Count = 75,000,000/ml
Exposure Time -> 15 sec 30 sec 60 sec
ppm iodine pH Plate Counts/ml ->
1.0 5.80 12,800 7,900 0
5.0 3.95 0 0 0
10.0 3.30 0 0 0
Micrococcus pyogenes, var aureus (FDA-209 - ATCC-6538)*
Initial Count = 44,000,000/ml
1.0 5.80 1,600 20 10
5.0 3.95 0 0 0
10.0 3.30 0 0 0
The phenol resistance of
this organism meets the requirements established by the A.O.A.C. 26.
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Original File Date April 4/01 Revised: 02-14-03
Copyright 1996 Laboratoires Ultrateck Laboratories Inc. All Rights