Aquaculture Water Treatment Feed and Natural Disease Control
Beneficial Microorganisms For Nutrient Level Reductions *
* Improves Natural Water Quality
DOWN FEED WASTES AND FISH MANURES
PROVIDES LESS FLUCTUATION IN OXYGEN LEVELS
BALANCES POND MICROORGANISMS
REDUCES AMMONIA AND PHOSPHATES IN THE WATER
ASSISTS IN BRINGING FISH ON FLAVOR
CONTAINS NO DETERGENTS OR CHEMICAL PERFUMES
IN FRESH AND SALT WATER
Bacterial Augmentation Of Aquaculture Systems
vailable as a Liquid and Dry Concentrate
Aquaculture as we well know, is the rapid growth
of fish by artificially feeding heavily stocked fish systems. As a
result of this increased feeding, metabolic activity of the fish is
increased, thus increasing the levels of organic wastes and toxic
compounds. Algae, bacteria and other microorganisms begin to grow.
As a result, the ponds natural ecosystem cannot be maintained.
Proper balances cannot be maintained and organic wastes build up to
toxic levels (such as ammonia and nitrites). Therefore, massive
blooms of algae grow. The dominant type of algae that is prevalent
is blue-green algae. This is the major cause of off-flavors in fish.
A supplement is needed to restore the ecosystem to a proper balance.
BioZyme A.C. is added to aquaculture
systems to augment the natural process of waste removal. This
improves water quality by providing a more diverse microbial
population. The specially selected strains of bacteria in BioZyme
A.C. break down waste to remove nutrients from the water.
of your aqua culture system with Ultra BioZyme A.C.,
when water quality is poor or nutrient concentrations are high,
allows you to operate your system at capacity. Every successive
treatment with Ultra BioZyme A.C. decreases the concentration of
toxic nutrients and improves the balance of nutrients and
microorganisms in your system. Isolated treatments can improve water
quality temporarily. A program of successive treatments will
consistently improve water quality.
FUNCTION AND COMPOSITION
BioZyme A.C. is a concentrated suspension
of living beneficial good bacteria in a dormant state. Each liter
contains more than 100 billion beneficial organisms. Many strains of
beneficial bacteria have been selected to remove specific nutrients
in your pond, raceway, tank, or hatchery. None of the
bacteria/enzymes in Ultra BioZyme A.C. are harmful to fish or man.
Organisms in our Ultra BioZyme-AC biological liquid concentrate
comply to: The Canadian - DSL list, and Class 1, non
pathogenic, non mutating spore form / spore forming organisms of the
bacillus family, In Asia, Australia, Europe, USA and most other
Nitrification occurs when ammonia is
changed to nitrate. Denitrification occurs when nitrate is changed
to water and nitrogen gas which is dissipated into the atmosphere.
High BOD or low ammonia levels cause nitrification to be inhibited.
BOD causing organic compounds are
decomposed by other bacteria in Ultra BioZyme A.C., ammonia levels
will remain high). A series of treatments is necessary when BOD is
high or ammonia is low to remove the excess nutrients.
A.C. Suggested Treatment Rates And Application
ammonia levels can be treated.
1- 1/4 ppm
when total ammonia measures between 1.0
and 3.0 ppm. Repeat at a 1/4 ppm treatment every 4 weeks.
2- Use 1.0
ppm when total ammonia is higher than 3.0
ppm, or whenever ammonia levels begin to rise. Follow up with 1/4
ppm treatments every 4 weeks or whenever ammonia levels begin to
Ammonia, nitrite and maintenance
treatments should begin with 1/2 to 1 ppm and should be followed by
1/4 ppm treatments as needed to keep ammonia nitrite and algae
1- 1/4 ppm
when nitrite concentration measures
between 3.0 or 10.0 ppm. Repeat at a 1/4 ppm treatment every 4
weeks, or as needed.
2- Use 1.0
ppm when nitrite concentration is higher
then 10.0 ppm.
treatment for a scheduled harvest should
start at least three weeks before harvest. An initial treatment of 1
ppm should be followed by 1/2 ppm or 1/4 ppm treatments at 4 day
intervals to keep the ammonia, nitrite, and algae levels low until
the fish are "on-flavour". These later treatments must be continued
until the fish are harvested to insure against "off-flavour"
Fluctuations between morning and afternoon
oxygen readings are much less when maintenance treatments are
applied. Biochemical oxygen demand is reduced so that less oxygen is
used at night and in cloudy weather.
Maintenance applications of 1/4 ppm per
treatment have been sufficient to maintain good water quality, when
applied on a needed schedule.
F-Hatcheries and raceways should be
treated with 1 ppm based on the flow of water through the system.
Repeat treatments should maintain 1 ppm in the system based on the
fed aqua culture systems, an initial drop
in oxygenis is possible after treatment. This means that the
bacteria are actively metabolizing the organic wastes, nutrients,
and sludge in the system.
Application should be made in late afternoon
as the initial period of darkness will favor the
bacteria growth over the blue-green algae.
Packaged in: 10, 20 and 210 liter plastic drums.
To download Our 2004 printable
Catalogue on our Aquaculture biological water treatment products
water purification uv sterilizers including product details and use
Steel Water Sterilizers
For Aquaculture Water Disinfection Disease Control
Virtually all Bacteria Molds and Fungi are Destroyed
Note: These are stainless steel UV broad spectrum germicidal
sterilizers and NOT simple plastic UV clarifiers which only get rid
of green water.
of the biggest problems in aquaculture production is the
bacteria and fungi in the water which quickly multiply and kill fish
and shrimps within a matter of hours or days. Now you can have the
assurance that the treated water is free of pathogenic disease
NovoLogics UV Germicidal sterilizers
are designed to serve
several purposes: Used in aquaculture fish and shrimp ponds to rid
water of parasites and disease causing pathogenic bacteria and to
clear pea soup green water thus maintaining clear water quality.
NovoLogics Germicidal Ultraviolet
photo=oxidizes and destroys combined chlorine and chlorine
byproducts such as chloramines and other toxic organic
pollutants including bad odors.
resistant stainless steel germicidal UV light systems are
effective in salt and fresh water applications
Economical - A penny
hundreds of gallons of
purified plant growing water
natural approach. Free of dangerous and toxic chemicals
Installation and virtually maintenance free
Installation: Simply install on your feed water inlet - before
any type of nutrient injection systems.
NovoLogics UV lights come in 14 watt
units through 600 watts for aquaculture water applications. We
also custom build units to suit your specification.
Lifetime Warranty On All Our Stainless Steel Units
10,000 Hour UV Sterilizer Light
units are pre-tested
for any manufacturing
defects and come with complete simple installation instructions.
What is Aquatrol-B1
Aquatrol-B1 Mycotoxin Binding Premix Concentrate
for Aquaculture Feeds
field studies are showing a high control potential in aquaculture
fish feeds, in the control of various aflatoxins, through
mycotoxin binding inhibition. Numerous other benefits listed below
have also been observed with the use of Aquatrol-B1.
Aquatrol-B1 Is A
Natural Organic Alternative
contains natural highly adsorbent and absorbent
montmorillonite, DE-fuller's earth layered silicate mineral clays,
special humified vegetable carbons with honey comb like micro-pores
structures which help to neutralize the toxic effects of residual
mycotoxins endotoxins found in fish feed. Binds a broad range of
mycotoxins which allows a safe passage through the digestive tract
The ingredients have aggregate forming molecules
that act as chelating agents with the ability to mobilize nutrients
across various tissue membranes. This can increase the
bioavailability of all nutrients and minerals within the fish feed,
which are often complexed (tied-tip) by agents such as phytates and
Aquatrol-B1 also contains mos mannan
oligosaccharides (mannose glucomannans - yeast cell wall
extracts binders), combined with specific natural botanical plant
extracts known for their beneficial effects in fish feeds.
Molds produce mycotoxins (the most
well known being aflatoxin
and vomitoxin) and while the mold
itself is deactivated by heat or other sterilization, the toxins it
leaves behind are not. Sensitivity to mycotoxins varies and the
exact susceptibility of every fish and crustation is not known, but
at some level of fish feed mycotoxin contamination will make them
sick and die.
Benefits Of Using Aquatrol-B1
(1) Binding of aflatoxin mycotoxins
(2) Helps reduce blood urea nitrogen
(3) Provides naturally chelated minerals
(4) Normalize acid alkaline balance in gut
(5) Stimulates production of digestive enzymes
(6) Stimulates the growth of beneficial
(7) Improves feed conversion less fecal output
(8) Lower ammonia and H2S gases (odors) in feces
General inclusion rates: Contact your local
Compatible with high
temperature processing via baking/extrusion/pelleting
Packaging - 20 Kg
fiber kegs or bulk 1 ton/tote/bags
are available for qualified laboratory evaluation
pathological signs of mycotoxin poisoning in fish include:
Aflatoxin: Fish general poor growth, anaemia, impaired blood
clotting, sensitivity to bruising, damage to liver and other organs,
decreased immune responsiveness, and increased mortality.
feeding of a low concentration of aflatoxin (B1) to rainbow
trout causes liver tumors (Lovell, 1992). Rainbow trout is reported
to be one of the most sensitive animals to aflatoxin poisoning; the
LD50 (dose causing death in 50% of the subjects) for
aflatoxin in a 50g trout being 500–1000 ppb (0.5–1.0 mg/kg), and
oral intakes of 0.4–1.0 ppb dietary AFB1 fed continuously for one
year producing hepatic tumors (for review see Hendricks & Bailey,
1989). Signs of severe aflatoxicosis in rainbow trout include liver
damage, pale gills and reduced red blood cell concentration.
water fish such as channel catfish are reported to be less
sensitive to aflatoxin; a dietary concentration of 6600 ppb
aflatoxin B1 causing reduced growth rate, haematocrit and
haemoglobin concentration in channel catfish over a 10-week trial
period (Lovell, 1992). Coho salmon (O. kisutch),
chinook salmon (O. tschawytscha) and sockeye salmon (O.
nerka) are also reported to be considerably less sensitive to
aflatoxin poisoning than rainbow trout (Hendricks & Bailey, 1989).
A: Rainbow trout - severe
necrosis of liver and kidney tissue, pale kidney, light swollen
livers and death; LD50 of 4.67mg/kg (Hendricks & Bailey,
1989; Lovell, 1992).
acid (CPA): Channel catfish
- a dietary level of 100 ppb CPA significantly reducing growth, and
10,000 ppb causing necrosis of gastric glands. According to the
above data CPA is more toxic to channel catfish than aflatoxin
Rainbow trout - a dietary level of 1–12.9 ppm causing reduced growth
and feed efficiency (Hendricks & Bailey, 1989)
from the mycotoxins, dietary toxicological studies have not been
performed on the majority of the other above mentioned contaminants.
For general review see NRC (1983), Hendricks & Bailey (1989) and
Roberts & Bullock (1989).
more information on pricing and availability please email or phone
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Original File Date April 4/01 Revised: 02-14-03
Copyright 1996 Laboratoires Ultrateck Laboratories Inc. All Rights